It is one of the Palestinian Liberation organization institutions and has its independent entity. It was established in 1998 in accordance with a presidential decree from the late president Yasser Arafat as a key ministry of the Palestinian National Authority. Its main objective is to care for the affairs of prisoners and detainees arrested by the Israeli occupation forces over the successive decades of the Palestinian cause, as a result of their national background and their resistance to the occupation.
On 29/5/2014, a presidential decree was issued by Mr. President Mahmood Abbas and stated that the ministry of Detainees and Ex-Detainees Affairs to be converted to the commission of Detainees and Ex-Detainees Affairs which is directly subordinate to Palestinian Liberation Organization. In accordance with this decree, the commission becomes one of the components of the PLO, with the minister Issa Qaraqe’ appointed as the first head of the commission.
The commission is specialized in working with Detainees, Ex-Detainees, and their families, in terms of taking the responsibility to do their humanitarian, national, Ethical, legal, social, and political obligations at all levels.
The commission holds a clear message, where it endeavors to release all the Palestinian and Arab detainees from the Israeli occupation prisons and detention centers through keeping their cause alive in the local, regional and international forums. In addition, it tries to make it a national priority for any future solutions to provide appropriate services and decent life for detainees and their families.